Wisdom Teeth Removal

Tooth Extractions

A group of teens smiling By the age of 18, the average adult has 32 teeth; 16 teeth on the top and 16 teeth on the bottom. Each tooth in the mouth has a specific name and function. The teeth in the front of the mouth (incisors, canine, and bicuspid teeth) are ideal for grasping and biting food into smaller pieces. The back teeth (molar teeth) are used to grind food up into a consistency suitable for swallowing.

Adult dental chart

X-ray highlighting the wisdom teeth

The average mouth is made to hold only 28 teeth. It can be painful when 32 teeth try to fit in a mouth that holds only 28 teeth. These four other teeth are your third molars, also known as “wisdom teeth.”

Man holding his mouth in pain

Why Should I Have My Wisdom Teeth Removed?

Wisdom teeth are the last teeth to erupt within the mouth. When they align properly and gum tissue is healthy, wisdom teeth do not have to be removed. Unfortunately, this does not generally happen. The extraction of wisdom teeth is necessary when they are prevented from properly erupting within the mouth. They may grow sideways, partially emerge from the gum, and even remain trapped beneath the gum and bone. Impacted teeth can take many positions in the bone as they attempt to find a pathway that will allow them to successfully erupt.

Graphic showing different types of wisdom tooth impaction

These poorly positioned impacted teeth can cause many problems. When they are partially erupted, the opening around the teeth allows bacteria to grow and will eventually cause an infection. The result: swelling, stiffness, pain, and illness. The pressure from the erupting wisdom teeth may move other teeth and disrupt the orthodontic or natural alignment of teeth. The most serious problem occurs when tumors or cysts form around the impacted wisdom teeth, resulting in the destruction of the jawbone and healthy teeth. Removal of the offending impacted teeth usually resolves these problems. Early removal is recommended to avoid such future problems and to decrease the surgical risk involved with the procedure.

X-rays showing an impacted wisdom tooth and displaced molars

Recent research has shown that wisdom teeth harbor bacteria that can lead to gum disease.  Other studies have linked the infection and inflammation that these bacteria cause to premature births, diabetes and heart disease.  Ongoing studies hope to shine more light on these very serious issues.

How can you tell if my wisdom teeth need to be removed?

With an oral examination and x-rays of the mouth, Dr. Hammond can evaluate the position of the wisdom teeth and predict if there are present or may be future problems. Studies have shown that early evaluation and treatment result in a superior outcome for the patient. Patients are generally first evaluated in the mid-teenage years by their dentist, orthodontist or by an oral and maxillofacial surgeon.

Photos of people

All outpatient surgery is performed under appropriate anesthesia to maximize patient comfort. Dr. Hammond has the training, license and experience to provide various types of anesthesia according to your needs.

How is the extraction performed?

In most cases, the removal of wisdom teeth is performed under local anesthesia, laughing gas (nitrous oxide/oxygen analgesia) or general anesthesia. These options, as well as the surgical risks (i.e., sensory nerve damage, sinus complications), will be discussed with you before the procedure is performed. Once the teeth are removed, the gum is sutured. To help control bleeding, bite down on the gauze placed in your mouth. You will rest under our supervision in the office until you are ready to be taken home. Upon discharge, your postoperative kit will include postoperative instructions, a prescription for pain medication, antibiotics, and a follow-up appointment in one week for suture removal.

For any further Wisdom Teeth questions please call us at Oral & Facial Surgery Office Phone Number 623-583-1875 or schedule a consultation with Dr. Hammond.

Teens giving a thumbs up

Our services are provided in an environment of optimum safety that utilizes modern monitoring equipment and staff who are experienced in anesthesia techniques. Dr. Hammond is a board certified Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon and is licensed in the state of Arizona to practice both medicine and dentistry.  He is also up-to-date and licensed with the Arizona State Board of Dental Examiners and has a current General Anesthesia Permit.